Below are 2 check lists. The first list is things to check before trailering, the second is a how to respond to an accident involving a horse trailer.
· Wheel bearings serviced? (service every 12 mos./ 12,000 miles, carry spare bearing)
· Tires in good condition? (look for dry rot, replace every 3-5 years regardless of mileage)
· Check tire pressure (including spares and inside tire on dual wheels).
· Hitch locked on the ball? Correct size ball?
· Safety cables/chains connected?
· Plug and secure electrical connection.
· Connect emergency breakaway system.
· Emergency breakaway battery charged?
· Test trailer lighting (brakes, turn signals, running, perimeter).
· Check/test brake controller (calibrate/adjust per manufacturer’s directions).
· Adjust trailer brakes a few times a year. (You can find instructions for adjusting the brakes on the internet. http://ezinearticles.com/?How-to-Adjust-RV-Trailer-Brakes&id=450898. This needs to be done from under the trailer.)
· Be sure all the brakes are working. (With long periods of not being used one or more can easily rust in the free wheeling position.)
· Check trailer flooring for cracks, rot, rust, or damage, especially under mats.
· Prior to loading horse(s), check trailer for hazards (sharp edges, loose metal or wood, insect nests, etc.)
· Leg wraps, head bumper on horse(s)?
· If tying horse to trailer, include a breakaway link on trailer end (i.e., bailing twine).
· Secure and lock all trailer doors (use snap or carabineer to prevent accidental opening).
· Headlights on? For greater safety – get noticed.
· Drive safely – allow greater braking distance, and travel at generally slower speeds.
An accident happened
· Step 1.
Stay calm. If you are hauling horses and there is an accident, the first thing you must do is to remain calm. Whether it is just a minor fender-bender or a major accident that involves a flipped truck and trailer, you must take a deep breath and think clearly.
· Step 2
Call for help. If you are injured, you need someone to help you as well as anyone else in the vehicle. Take care of yourself and any others by calling 911. If someone is injured, begin emergency procedures by assessing their vital signs, injuries and securing them so there is no further damage. If you can, move accident victims away from the truck and horse trailer. Do not move anyone who might have spinal cord injuries unless there is risk of fire or explosion.
· Step 3
Take the truck keys. Never leave the truck keys in the ignition. As soon as you exit the vehicle, take the keys with you and keep them in your pocket.
· Step 4
Check the horses. If it is a minor accident and the trailer is secured to the truck, you can easily assess the horses. More than likely they are alright, but very frightened. If the trailer is viable and the horses are not injured, leave them in the trailer. Offer hay and open all windows so they have fresh air. This is the safest thing to do until help arrives.
· Step 5
Call a veterinarian. If a horse is injured, wedged in the trailer or somehow stuck, call a vet for help. Do not attempt to unload the horse until medical help arrives, as this may exacerbate the horse's injuries. Only attempt to unload the horse if you can do so safely and there is immediate danger of fire or other unusual harm.
· Step 6
Work with authorities. As police and emergency personnel come to your aid, work with them for the best possible outcome. If they ask you to do something, do your best to comply. You can tell them about a horse's personality or give your judgment, but in the end, it is up to the authorities to take care of the situation. They are there to help, so work with them and do as they say.
· Step 7
Unload the horses. Remove the horses from the trailer to a safe area where they can graze, if possible. Now each horse can receive a medical evaluation and treatment, if necessary.